In the previous article we covered plants in the tropical rainforest. This article is part of our Rainforest Series. The Amazon Rainforest alone provides a habitat for over 40, plant species! However, even in a rainforest there is competition for sunlight and nutrients; plants have to adapt to find their place in the ecosystem. In order to do this, some plants grow faster, some have bigger leaves, and others evolve better defences against predators. Epiphytes are plants that live on other plants.
Temperate rainforests are found along coasts in temperate regions. The largest temperate rainforests are on the Pacific coast in North America, stretching from Alaska to Oregon. Water that evaporates from trees falls in other areas as rain. Tropical rainforests are lush and warm all year long! The yearly rainfall ranges from 80 to inches to cm , and it can rain hard. It can downpour as much as 2 inches 5 cm in an hour!
The rainforest ecosystem is defined by dense vegetation, year-round warm climate, and about 50 to inches of rainfall per year. According to Blue Planet Biomes, research indicates that almost half of all life on Earth resides in rainforests located in South America, Africa and Asia. Because of the plethora of life, there are many unique animal and plant adaptations in the tropical rainforest. Trees offer varied examples of plant adaptations in the tropical rainforest.
Their big bodies require a lot of fuel and care in order to thrive. Amazingly, though, all kinds of elephants have developed behavioral adaptations over time that help them survive even in hostile environments. Asian elephant adaptations include cooling mechanisms with their trunks and ears, growing up to six new set of teeth over a lifetime and communicating via vibrations to compensate for poor eyesight.