A colonoscopy is an outpatient procedure in which the inside of the large intestine colon and rectum is examined. A colonoscopy is commonly used to evaluate gastrointestinal symptoms, such as rectal and intestinal bleeding, or changes in bowel habits. Colonoscopies are also performed for colorectal cancer screening in individuals without symptoms to check for colorectal polyps or cancer. A screening colonoscopy is recommended for anyone 50 years of age and older 45 for African Americans , and for anyone with parents, siblings, or children with a history of colorectal cancer or polyps. To have a successful colonoscopy, your bowel must be empty so that your doctor can clearly view the colon. To do this, it is very important to read and follow all of the instructions given to you at least 2 weeks BEFORE your exam.
Although rare, it is more prevalent in people over the age of 50, and in younger adults with HIV infection. Some data suggests that people with a high lifetime number of sexual partners, are at higher risk. This may be due to the increased risk of contracting HPV. Unfortunately, some people get anal cancer for no clear reason. The treatment options depend on the following:. Source: National Cancer Institute.
Rectal examination , commonly called a prostate exam , is an internal examination of the rectum , performed by a healthcare provider. The old adage, "If you don't put your finger in it, you might put your foot in it" rings true even though the research evidence and guidelines by every major organization of US medicine do not support it. The End of the Screening Rectal Exam. And so I say, "Document that you've had this discussion offering the pros, and cons, and alternatives to screening, and making sure that the patient is aware. Probably not.
Anal cancer is a type of cancer that forms in tissues of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body and at the end of the GI tract. Sometimes anal cancer causes no symptoms at all. But bleeding is often the first sign of the disease.